Genetic algorithm for energy efficient QoS Multicast Routing
The consideration of energy consumption in wireless ad hoc networks prevents the problem of the network exhausting batteries, thus partitioning the entire network. Power-aware multicasting is proposed to reduce the power consumption. This letter presents an energy-efficient genetic algorithm mechanism to resolve quality of service (QoS) multicast routing problem, which is NP-complete. The proposed genetic algorithm depends on bounded end-to-end delay and minimum energy cost of the multicast tree. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is effective and efficient.